Bengali Common name Alternative name(s) Botanical name
       
* also used for another bengali spice: onion seed' and black sesame      
Aaloo Potato   Solanum tuberosum
Aam Mango   Mangifera indica
Ada Ginger Ginger root; Zingiber officinale
Arhar Daal Pigeon Pea   Cajanus cajan
Ba(n)dhakopi Cabbage   Brassica oleracea Linne capita (many cultivars)
Bashon Gram flour Chickpea flour; garbanzo flour; besan Cicer arietinum
Begun Aubergine (an abundance of cultivars) eggplant; brinjal Solanum melongena
Borboti Cluster Beans   Cyamopsis tetragonolobus
Boro elach Black Cardamom;  Nepal cardamom; Greater Indian cardamom Amomum subulatum; Amomum costatum
Capsicum Capsicum Bell Pepper Capsicum annum; C. chinense; C. frutescens; C. baccatum; C. pubescens
Chaal Kumro Ash gourd winter melon; white gourd; wax gourd Benincasa hispida
Cheena Badam Peanut/Groundnut   Arachis hypogea
Chhola/Kabli chhola Garbanzo Beans Chick Pea; Bengal Gram Cicer arietinum
Chichinga/Chichingey Snake Gourd   Trichosanthes cucumerina
Daal Pulses/Lentils    
darchini Cassia. Substitution: Cinnamon (i) Vietnamese cinnamon (contains a little toxic coumarin) Cinnamomum aromaticum
Dherosh Okra Bindi, Fingers Ladies, Gobo, Gombo, Gumbo, Ladies Finger, Ladies´ fingers, Lady´s finger, Lady´s-Fingers, Okra, Wild Okra Abelmoschus esculentus
Dhoney Cilantro; Coriander Chinese parsley Coriandrum sativum
Elach, Choto elach, Ela Cardamom White Cardamom Elettaria cardamomum
Gajor Carrot   Daucus carota sativus
Gol Morich;  Black Pepper; Black peppercorn   Piper nigrum
Hing Asafoetida devil's dung; stinking gum; asant; food of the gods; Kaayam Ferula assafoetida
Holud Turmeric   Curcuma longa
Jaiphal Nutmeg & Mace. Nutmeg, Nutmeg Tree from: Myristica fragrans
Jashtimodhu Liquorice root Black Sugar, Common Licorice, Common Liquorice, Cultivated Licorice, Kahles Sssholz, Kahles S�ssholz, Licorice, Licorice-Root, Liquorice, Russian Liquorice, Spanish Juice, Spanish Liquorice, Sweet Licorice, Sweet Wood, True Licorice Glycyrrhiza glabra
Jeerey Cumin (seed)   Cuminum cyminum
Jhingey Ridge gourd   Luffa acutangula
jowan Carom seed.  mistakenly as "bishop's weed". Trachyspermum copticum
Ka(n)thal/E(n)chor Jackfruit Jaca, Jack, Jack Fruit, Jackfruit Tree, Jak, Jak Fruit, Jak-Fruit, Langka, Nangka Artocarpus heterophyllus
Kaari Paata; Barsunga Curry Leaf Sweet Neem leaves Murraya koenigii
kaju cashew   Anacardium occidentale
Kalo Jeera, Kalojire Nigella seeds Wild Onion seeds; black cumin seeds; Black Caraway, Black Cumin, Black Onion Seed, Black Seed, Black-Caraway, Black-Cumin, Blackseed, Falsely Black Cumin, Fennel Flower, Fennel-Flower, Gith, Nigella, Nutmeg Flower, Nutmeg Plant, Nutmeg-Flower, Onion Seed, Roman Coriander, Roman-Coriander  
kalo jira*;  kalo jeera*;  kali jeera* Black Cumin.  fennel flower;  nutmeg flower;  Roman coriander;  blackseed;  black caraway;  or black onion seed (ii) Nigella sativa
Kalo sorse, Rai sorse, Sorsa Black Mustard seeds Brown mustard seed, Indian mustard Brassica nigra
Kanch Kolaa Plantain   Musa paradisiaca
Kancha Lonka; Shukno Lonka/Laal Lonka Celery  celeriac Apium graveolens
Kochu Taro/Colocasia   Colocasia esculenta
Kolaai Daal/Biulir Daal Black Lentil (whole)/White Lentil (dehusked) urad dal;  udad dal;  urd bean;  urd;  urid;  black matpe bean;  black gram;  black lentil Vigna mungo
Korola/Uchchhey (Smaller variety) bitter melon  bitter gourd Momordica charantia
Kumro Pumpkin   Cucurbita pepo
Kundri Ivy Gourd Gentlemen's Toes; Little Gourd; Baby Watermelon;  Coccinia grandis
labango Cloves   Syzygium aromaticum
Lau Bottle Gourd/Calabash    
Lubya Black-eyed pea black-eyed bean;  ChawaLie;  Lobia Vigna unguiculata unguiculata
mete aalu/khamalu Yam (vegetable)   Dioscorea sp.
Methi Fenugreek leaves;  fresh    Trigonella foenum-graecum
Methi Fenugreek seed   Trigonella foenum-graecum
Moog daal Mung Bean/Green Gram   Vigna Radiata
Mouri; Mauri Fennel seed   Foeniculum vulgare
Mulo Radish   Raphanus sativus
Mushur daal Red Lentils    
Noté shaak Amaranth/Chinese Spinach Red spinach;  Rau Den;  Chinese spinach;  Amaranthus dubius
Olkopi Kohlrabi/German Turnip   Brassica oleracea Gongylodes Group
Paalong Shaak Spinach   Spinacia oleracea
Peyaaj Onion   Allium cepa
Phoolkopi Cauliflower   Brassica oleracea
Pianj koli Chinese chive flowers   Allium schoenoprasum L
Potol Pointed Gourd    
Raajma Kidney Beans Bean, Common Bean, Common Bean;bean, Common Haricot, Dry Bean, Dwarf Bean, Frash Bean, French Bean, Frijol, Garden Bean, Green Bean, Habichuela, Haricot, Haricot Bean, Haricot Commun, Haricot Francais, Haricots Carapatte, Haricots De Bourbon, Haricots Pales, Haricots Panaches, Haricots Tachetes, Haricots Varies, Haricots Violets,  Mange-Tout, Pois, Rose Family Dry Bean, Runner Bean, Snap Bean, String Bean, Wax Bean Phaseolus vulgaris
Ranga Aaloo/Mishti Aaloo Sweet Potato   Ipomoca batata
Roshun Garlic Stinking Rose; Allium sativum
Shaalgom Turnip   Brassica rapa rapa
Shojne Da(n)ta Drumstick   Moringa oleifera
Shosha Cucumber   Cucumis sp.
Tometo Tomato   Solanum lycopersicum

 

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