Common name Alternative name(s) Botanical name
     
Amaranth/Chinese Spinach Red spinach;  Rau Den;  Chinese spinach;  Amaranthus dubius
Anise Sweet cumin; Aniseed
Pimpinella anisum
Apple Gourd Indian Round Gourd Praecitrullus fistulosus; Citrullus fistulosus
Asafoetida devil's dung; stinking gum; asant; food of the gods; Kaayam Ferula assafoetida
Ash gourd winter melon; white gourd; wax gourd Benincasa hispida
Aubergine (an abundance of cultivars) eggplant; brinjal Solanum melongena
bamboo shoots   Bambusa vulgaris; Phyllostachys edulis
banana   cultivars of Musa sapientum
banana flower    
barbecue pork red pork; cha siu  
Basil Thai Sweet;  Thai Purple Basil Ocimum basilicum
Basil;  Thai Lemon;  Hoary basil; Ocimum citriodorum
Basil;  Thai Sacred;  Thai Holy basil; Hot basil Ocimum sanctum
Basil;  Tree basil. Tree basil Ocimum gratissimum
bay leaf    
bean sprouts    
bitter melon  bitter gourd Momordica charantia
Black Cardamom;  Nepal cardamom; Greater Indian cardamom Amomum subulatum; Amomum costatum
Black Cumin.  fennel flower;  nutmeg flower;  Roman coriander;  blackseed;  black caraway;  or black onion seed (ii) Nigella sativa
Black Cumin.    (i) Bunium persicum
Black Lentil (whole)/White Lentil (dehusked) urad dal;  udad dal;  urd bean;  urd;  urid;  black matpe bean;  black gram;  black lentil Vigna mungo
Black Mustard seeds Brown mustard seed, Indian mustard Brassica nigra
Black Pepper; Black peppercorn   Piper nigrum
Black Rock salt Many warnings against it's ingestion. Fluoride poisoning +++  
Black-eyed pea black-eyed bean;  ChawaLie;  Lobia Vigna unguiculata unguiculata
Bottle Gourd/Calabash    
Cabbage   Brassica oleracea Linne capita (many cultivars)
Calabash Bottle Gourd Lagenaria vulgaris
Candlenut    
Capsicum Bell Pepper Capsicum annum; C. chinense; C. frutescens; C. baccatum; C. pubescens
Caraway Seeds Meridian Fennel; Persian Cumin Carum carvi
Cardamom White Cardamom Elettaria cardamomum
Cardamom;  Green   Amomum cardamomum
Carom seed.  mistakenly as "bishop's weed". Trachyspermum copticum
Carrot   Daucus carota sativus
cashew   Anacardium occidentale
Cassia. Substitution: Cinnamon (i) Vietnamese cinnamon (contains a little toxic coumarin) Cinnamomum aromaticum
Cassia. Substitution: Cinnamon (ii) Indonesian Cinnamon;  Padang Cassia;  or Korintje Cinnamomum burmannii
catfish    
Cauliflower   Brassica oleracea
Celery  celeriac Apium graveolens
chillie chilli pepper;  chilli;  chillie;  chili;  and chillie Genus: capsicum annum. Family: Solanaceae
Chinese broccoli   Brassica oleracea
Chinese Celery khan choy  
Chinese chive flowers   Allium schoenoprasum L
Chinese chives - green    
Chinese egg noodles;  fresh     
Chinese five-spice    
Chinese keys fingerroot Boesenbergia rotunda
Chinese mustard cabbage    
Chinese olives    
Chinese water spinach    
Cilantro Fresh  Coriander; Chinese parsley Coriandrum sativum
cilantro root    
Cilantro; Coriander Chinese parsley Coriandrum sativum
Cinnamon (stick and powder)   Cinnamomum verum
Citric Acid (8% in lemons and limes)  
clam   Kingdom: Animalia; Phylum: Mollusca; Class: Bivalvia
clear noodles (mung bean paste):mung bean vermicelli; cellophane noodles; glass noodles; bean thread noodles.   
Cloves   Syzygium aromaticum
Cluster Beans   Cyamopsis tetragonolobus
Cock's comb.  feathery amaranth (food dye) Celosia Cristata; Celosia argentea
coconut milk    
cooked rice    
Coriander;  dried seeds coriander (seeds) Coriandrum sativum
Coriander; (leaves and dried leaves) coriander leaves; cilantro; culantro Coriandrum sativum
Cucumber   Cucumis sp.
Cumin (seed)   Cuminum cyminum
Curry Leaf Sweet Neem leaves Murraya koenigii
curry paste    
curry paste-green    
curry paste-masaman    
curry paste-red    
curry paste-yellow    
curry powder    
daikon   Raphanus sativus var. longipinnatus
Dill Lao coriander; Lao cilantro Anethum graveolens
Drumstick   Moringa oleifera
Durian   Malvaceae family; genus Durio.  Many species and hundreds of cultivars
Emblica.  Indian Gooseberry.  
Fennel seed   Foeniculum vulgare
Fenugreek leaves;  fresh    Trigonella foenum-graecum
Fenugreek seed   Trigonella foenum-graecum
Fenugreek;  dried leaves   Trigonella foenum-graecum
Finger Root Chinese keys; Lesser Ginger Boosenbergia rotunda
fish paste    
fish sauce    
flat rice noodles;  fresh     
Galangal;  Lesser   Alpinia officinarum
Garbanzo Beans Chick Pea; Bengal Gram Cicer arietinum
Garlic Stinking Rose; Allium sativum
Ginger Ginger root; Zingiber officinale
Gram flour Chickpea flour; garbanzo flour; besan Cicer arietinum
Greater Galangal Thai galangal; Blue ginger; Thai ginger; Siamese ginger; Galangale Alpinia galanga
Green Chillie;  fresh    Genus: Capsicum  Family: Solanaceae
green onion Spring Onion;  salad onion; scallion Allium wakegi
green papaya    
Green peppercorn    
hulled mung beans    
Indian Bay leaf   Lauris nobilis (Folia Lauri)
Ivy Gourd Gentlemen's Toes; Little Gourd; Baby Watermelon;  Coccinia grandis
Jackfruit Jaca, Jack, Jack Fruit, Jackfruit Tree, Jak, Jak Fruit, Jak-Fruit, Langka, Nangka Artocarpus heterophyllus
kaffir lime limau purut Citrus x hystrix,
Kashmir Paprika    
Katira Tree sap Gum Tragacanth gum; Astralagus adscendens; A. gummifer;  A. tragacanthus.
Kidney Beans Bean, Common Bean, Common Bean;bean, Common Haricot, Dry Bean, Dwarf Bean, Frash Bean, French Bean, Frijol, Garden Bean, Green Bean, Habichuela, Haricot, Haricot Bean, Haricot Commun, Haricot Francais, Haricots Carapatte, Haricots De Bourbon, Haricots Pales, Haricots Panaches, Haricots Tachetes, Haricots Varies, Haricots Violets,  Mange-Tout, Pois, Rose Family Dry Bean, Runner Bean, Snap Bean, String Bean, Wax Bean Phaseolus vulgaris
Kohlrabi/German Turnip   Brassica oleracea Gongylodes Group
Kokum Wild mangosteen; red mango Garcinia indica
Lal peppercorn    
Lemongrass barbed wire grass; citronella grass Genus: Cymbopogon. (Many species)
Lentils Pulses  
Lime;  fresh   In many countries;  Lime is also called as lemon Citrus aurantifolia (Many cultivars)
Liquorice root Black Sugar, Common Licorice, Common Liquorice, Cultivated Licorice, Kahles Sssholz, Kahles S�ssholz, Licorice, Licorice-Root, Liquorice, Russian Liquorice, Spanish Juice, Spanish Liquorice, Sweet Licorice, Sweet Wood, True Licorice Glycyrrhiza glabra
Long Pepper    
Lotus seeds;  Popped    
magosa    
Mango   Mangifera indica
Mango;  dried powder.    
mango;  green     
Moth Bean/Turkish Gram   Vigna aconitifolia
mudfish    
Mung Bean/Green Gram   Vigna Radiata
mussels    
Mustard seeds    
namya curry paste    
Napa cabbage Cabbage, Kale, Kohlrabi Brassica oleracea caulorapa
Nigella seeds Wild Onion seeds; black cumin seeds; Black Caraway, Black Cumin, Black Onion Seed, Black Seed, Black-Caraway, Black-Cumin, Blackseed, Falsely Black Cumin, Fennel Flower, Fennel-Flower, Gith, Nigella, Nutmeg Flower, Nutmeg Plant, Nutmeg-Flower, Onion Seed, Roman Coriander, Roman-Coriander  
Nutmeg & Mace. Nutmeg, Nutmeg Tree from: Myristica fragrans
Okra Bindi, Fingers Ladies, Gobo, Gombo, Gumbo, Ladies Finger, Ladies´ fingers, Lady´s finger, Lady´s-Fingers, Okra, Wild Okra Abelmoschus esculentus
Onion   Allium cepa
oyster    
oyster mushroom Branched Oyster Fungus, Branched Oyster Mushroom, Cornucopia Mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus
palm sugar    
Pandan leaves Fragrant Pandan, Fragrant Screwpine Indonesian Screwpine, Pandan Rampeh, Scented Pandan, Screw Pine, Screw Tree, Umbrella Tree P. amaryllifolius
Pandanus essence Screwpine Essence  
papaya   Carica papaya
pea eggplant    
Peanut/Groundnut   Arachis hypogea
Peppermint leaves;  Fresh     
Perilla Green Shiso; beefsteak plant perilla fructescens
pickled fish    
pickled mustard    
Pigeon Pea   Cajanus cajan
pineapple    
Plantain   Musa paradisiaca
Pointed Gourd   Trichosanthes dioica
Pointed Gourd    
Pomegranate seeds.    
Poppy Seeds    
pork skin    
Potato   Solanum tuberosum
Pulses/Lentils    
Pumpkin   Cucurbita pepo
Radish   Raphanus sativus
Red Chillie Red Chillie pepper  
red snapper    
Red Lentils    
Red Lentils   Lens culinaris
rice flower    
rice noodles;  thin     
rice-Thai long grain    
Ridge gourd   Luffa acutangula
Rock candy    
Rose Water    
Saffron    
Sage    
Salt    
salty Chinese cabbage    
Sawtooth Herb Mexican Coriander; Wild coriander;  Thorny Coriander; Culantro Apiacea;  Eryngium foetidum.
shallot;  fried     
Shallots scallion (Aust); eschalot; Allium ascalonicum
shrimp    
shrimp dried     
shrimp paste    
Silk Squash/Chinese Okra    
Silk Squash/Chinese Okra    
Snake Gourd   Trichosanthes cucumerina
soy sauce    
soy sauce;  dark     
soy sauce;  dark sweet     
soy sauce-mushroom    
Spinach   Spinacia oleracea
Spring Onions spring onion;  salad onion;  green onion Allium wakegi
squash blossom    
sriracha sauce Hot Thai sauce; Thai dipping sauce  
Star Anise    
star fruit    
sticky rice    
stinky bean    
Sumac    
Sweet Potato   Ipomoca batata
Szechuan Pepper Szetchwan pepper, Anise pepper, Sheguan pepper, Sprice pepper, Sichuan pepper, Chinese pepper, Japanese pepper Xanthoxylum piperitum
Tamarind.   Tamarindus indicus
Taro/Colocasia   Colocasia esculenta
Thai chillie pepper    
Thai mackerel    
Thai rice noodles    
Thai tea    
Toasted rice    
Tofu-cubed;  deep fried    
Tomato   Solanum lycopersicum
Turmeric   Curcuma longa
Turnip   Brassica rapa rapa
Turnip;  preserved    
Vietnamese Coriander Vietnamese mint; Viet cilantro; Cambodian Mint; hot mint Persicaria odorata
Vinegar    
water bug    
water chestnuts    
White peppercorn    
white pomfret    
white steamed pork sausage    
whole chillie;  dried     
wing beans    
wonton skin    
wood ear mushroom    
Yam (vegetable)   Dioscorea sp.
yellow bean sauce    
young coconut    

 

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