Hindi  Common name Alternative name(s) Botanical name
Romanised Traditional      
 Bandakai, Bhindi, Bhindi), Bhindii (Bindi, Dheras, Vendakai भिंडी, Okra Bindi, Fingers Ladies, Gobo, Gombo, Gumbo, Ladies Finger, Ladies´ fingers, Lady´s finger, Lady´s-Fingers, Okra, Wild Okra Abelmoschus esculentus
Aam   Mango   Mangifera indica
Adrak; Adrakh (fresh); Sonth; Saunth (dried) अदरख;  सोंठ;  सौंठ Ginger Ginger root; Zingiber officinale
Ajwain अजवायन Carom seed.  mistakenly as "bishop's weed". Trachyspermum copticum
Aloo   Potato   Solanum tuberosum
Ambemohor Pat, Kenr, Rampe   Pandan leaves Fragrant Pandan, Fragrant Screwpine Indonesian Screwpine, Pandan Rampeh, Scented Pandan, Screw Pine, Screw Tree, Umbrella Tree P. amaryllifolius
Amchoor (Amchur)   Mango;  dried powder.    
Amjud अजवाइन Celery  celeriac Apium graveolens
Amla   Emblica.  Indian Gooseberry.  
Anar-daana   Pomegranate seeds.    
Aṅkurita phaliyāṁ अंकुरित फलियां bean sprouts    
Arabi; Arui   Taro/Colocasia   Colocasia esculenta
Arhar; Toovar; Toor Dal; Tuvar Dal; Rahar   Pigeon Pea   Cajanus cajan
Badi saunf; Bari saunf; Moti saunf; Saunf; Saumph बड़ी सौंफ़; मोटी सौंफ़; सौंफ़; सौंफ Fennel seed   Foeniculum vulgare
Baingan; Bhata; Bhanta; Brinjal बैंगन Aubergine (an abundance of cultivars) eggplant; brinjal Solanum melongena
Bānsa kī śūṭiṅga बांस की शूटिंग bamboo shoots   Bambusa vulgaris; Phyllostachys edulis
Bārabēkyū sū'ara kā mānsa बारबेक्यू सूअर का मांस barbecue pork red pork; cha siu  
Besan   Gram flour Chickpea flour; garbanzo flour; besan Cicer arietinum
Cakki, Kanthal, Katahal, Kathal   Jackfruit Jaca, Jack, Jack Fruit, Jackfruit Tree, Jak, Jak Fruit, Jak-Fruit, Langka, Nangka Artocarpus heterophyllus
Chauli   Amaranth/Chinese Spinach Red spinach;  Rau Den;  Chinese spinach;  Amaranthus dubius
Chole (Desi Chana; Kabuli Chana)   Garbanzo Beans Chick Pea; Bengal Gram Cicer arietinum
Choti ilaichi;  Hari ilaichi;  Elaichi;  Ilaichi छोटी इलायची;  हरी इलायची;  इलायची Cardamom;  Green   Amomum cardamomum
Daal   Lentils Pulses  
Dalchini दालचीनी Cinnamon (stick and powder)   Cinnamomum verum
Dalchini;  Jungli दालचीनी Cassia. Substitution: Cinnamon (i) Vietnamese cinnamon (contains a little toxic coumarin) Cinnamomum aromaticum
Dhania धनिया Cilantro; Coriander Chinese parsley Coriandrum sativum
Dhania   Coriander;  dried seeds coriander (seeds) Coriandrum sativum
Dhania;  Hara Patta धनिया Cilantro Fresh  Coriander; Chinese parsley Coriandrum sativum
Dhania;  Sukha Patta धनिया Coriander; (leaves and dried leaves) coriander leaves; cilantro; culantro Coriandrum sativum
Dhaniyā jaṛa धनिया जड़ cilantro root    
Elaichi;  Bari काले इलायची; बड़ी इलायची; बिग इलायची; काली इलायची; डोडा Black Cardamom;  Nepal cardamom; Greater Indian cardamom Amomum subulatum; Amomum costatum
Gaajar गाजर Carrot   Daucus carota sativus
Gaanth Gobhi   Kohlrabi/German Turnip   Brassica oleracea Gongylodes Group
Gawar-phali   Cluster Beans   Cyamopsis tetragonolobus
Gilka; Tori   Silk Squash/Chinese Okra    
Goal Mirch;  Lal   Lal peppercorn    
Goal Mirch;  Pilli   Green peppercorn    
Goal Mirch;  Safed   White peppercorn    
Gobhi (Phool Gobhi) फूलगोभी Cauliflower   Brassica oleracea
Gond Katira कटीरा गूंद Katira Tree sap Gum Tragacanth gum; Astralagus adscendens; A. gummifer;  A. tragacanthus.
Gulab Jal   Rose Water    
Haldi   Turmeric   Curcuma longa
Hing हींग Asafoetida devil's dung; stinking gum; asant; food of the gods; Kaayam Ferula assafoetida
Ilāyacī इलायची Cardamom White Cardamom Elettaria cardamomum
Imli   Tamarind.   Tamarindus indicus
Javitri; Jaayphala (Jayphala), Jaephal, Jaiphal, Jaitri, Japhal, Javinthri, Javitri, Kathal, Taifal   Nutmeg & Mace. Nutmeg, Nutmeg Tree from: Myristica fragrans
Jeera;  Shahi; jeera;  kala काला जीरा Black Cumin.    (i) Bunium persicum
Jethimadh, Mulethi, Mulhathi, Mulhatti मुलहाटी Liquorice root Black Sugar, Common Licorice, Common Liquorice, Cultivated Licorice, Kahles Sssholz, Kahles S�ssholz, Licorice, Licorice-Root, Liquorice, Russian Liquorice, Spanish Juice, Spanish Liquorice, Sweet Licorice, Sweet Wood, True Licorice Glycyrrhiza glabra
Jimikand   Yam (vegetable)   Dioscorea sp.
Jīrā bīja; vilayati jeera जीरा बीज; विलायती जीरा Caraway Seeds Meridian Fennel; Persian Cumin Carum carvi
Jira, Jeera, Saphed jira जीरा, सफेद जीरा Cumin (seed)   Cuminum cyminum
Kaddu; Kohada   Pumpkin   Cucurbita pepo
Kājū काजू cashew   Anacardium occidentale
Kala Namak काले सेंधा नमक Black Rock salt Many warnings against it's ingestion. Fluoride poisoning +++  
Kali mirch; Goal Mirch;  Kali काली मिर्च Black Pepper; Black peppercorn   Piper nigrum
Kali rai, Kali sarson, Lal sarson, Rai, Sarson काली राई, काली सरसों, लाल सरसों, राई, सरसों Black Mustard seeds Brown mustard seed, Indian mustard Brassica nigra
Kalonji कलौंजी; कलोंजी Black Cumin.  fennel flower;  nutmeg flower;  Roman coriander;  blackseed;  black caraway;  or black onion seed (ii) Nigella sativa
Kalonji; Kaalaa Jiira (Kala Jeera, Kala Zeera), Kala Zira, Kalajira, Kalaunji, Kalonji, Kalounji, Krishna Jeera, Mugrela, Munga Reala कलौिज, कालाजीरा, मुगरेला, Nigella seeds Wild Onion seeds; black cumin seeds; Black Caraway, Black Cumin, Black Onion Seed, Black Seed, Black-Caraway, Black-Cumin, Blackseed, Falsely Black Cumin, Fennel Flower, Fennel-Flower, Gith, Nigella, Nutmeg Flower, Nutmeg Plant, Nutmeg-Flower, Onion Seed, Roman Coriander, Roman-Coriander  
Kamarkas   Sage    
Karela करेला bitter melon  bitter gourd Momordica charantia
Karipatta;  Mitha nim;  Mitha neem patta करीपत्ता;  मीथ णीम;  मीथ नीम पत्ता Curry Leaf Sweet Neem leaves Murraya koenigii
Kela   Plantain   Musa paradisiaca
Kēlā केला banana   cultivars of Musa sapientum
Kēlē kē phūla केले के फूल banana flower    
Kesar   Saffron    
Kewra   Pandanus essence Screwpine Essence  
Kheera   Cucumber   Cucumis sp.
Khus-khus   Poppy Seeds    
Kokum   Kokum Wild mangosteen; red mango Garcinia indica
kolumichai   kaffir lime limau purut Citrus x hystrix,
Lahsun; Lahsan लहसुन; लहसन Garlic Stinking Rose; Allium sativum
Lal mirch; Hari mirch मिर्च chillie chilli pepper;  chilli;  chillie;  chili;  and chillie Genus: capsicum annum. Family: Solanaceae
Laung लौंग Cloves   Syzygium aromaticum
Lobia   Black-eyed pea black-eyed bean;  ChawaLie;  Lobia Vigna unguiculata unguiculata
Louki; Dudhi; Ghiya; Lauaa लौकी Calabash Bottle Gourd Lagenaria vulgaris
Maithray; Methi मेथी बीज Fenugreek seed   Trigonella foenum-graecum
Makhna   Lotus seeds;  Popped    
Masala   curry paste    
Masala   curry powder    
Masoor Daal   Red Lentils   Lens culinaris
Maval petals   Cock's comb.  feathery amaranth (food dye) Celosia Cristata; Celosia argentea
Methi;  Hari मेथी पत्ते Fenugreek leaves;  fresh    Trigonella foenum-graecum
Methi;  Kasoori; kasturi methi   Fenugreek;  dried leaves   Trigonella foenum-graecum
Mirch;  Degi   Kashmir Paprika    
Mirch;  Hari mirch (green) हरी मिर्च;  लाल मिर्च Green Chillie;  fresh    Genus: Capsicum  Family: Solanaceae
Mirch;  Lal   Red Chillie Red Chillie pepper  
Mishri   Rock candy    
Mooli; Murai   Radish   Raphanus sativus
Moong   Mung Bean/Green Gram   Vigna Radiata
Moong Phali   Peanut/Groundnut   Arachis hypogea
Mullilam, Tilfda (Zanthoxylum rhetsa); Tejbal (Z. alatum); Tambhul (Z. acanthopodium), Tumburu (Bezug unklar)   Szechuan Pepper Szetchwan pepper, Anise pepper, Sheguan pepper, Sprice pepper, Sichuan pepper, Chinese pepper, Japanese pepper Xanthoxylum piperitum
Namak   Salt    
Nimboo (Nimbu)   Lime;  fresh   In many countries;  Lime is also called as lemon Citrus aurantifolia (Many cultivars)
Nimboo Phool   Citric Acid (8% in lemons and limes)  
Paalak   Spinach   Spinacia oleracea
Padwa; Chichinga   Snake Gourd   Trichosanthes cucumerina
Parwal; Parora; Patal   Pointed Gourd   Trichosanthes dioica
Patta Gobhi; Band Gobhi गोभी Cabbage   Brassica oleracea Linne capita (many cultivars)
Petha; Raksahawa Komhada पेठा  Ash gourd winter melon; white gourd; wax gourd Benincasa hispida
Pippali   Long Pepper    
Podina   Peppermint leaves;  Fresh     
Pyaaj   Onion   Allium cepa
Pyaj;  Piyaj;  Pyaz;  Piyaz;  Gandha प्याज;  प्याज़;  गण्डा green onion Spring Onion;  salad onion; scallion Allium wakegi
Rajma; Biins   Kidney Beans Bean, Common Bean, Common Bean;bean, Common Haricot, Dry Bean, Dwarf Bean, Frash Bean, French Bean, Frijol, Garden Bean, Green Bean, Habichuela, Haricot, Haricot Bean, Haricot Commun, Haricot Francais, Haricots Carapatte, Haricots De Bourbon, Haricots Pales, Haricots Panaches, Haricots Tachetes, Haricots Varies, Haricots Violets,  Mange-Tout, Pois, Rose Family Dry Bean, Runner Bean, Snap Bean, String Bean, Wax Bean Phaseolus vulgaris
Saijan; Sahjan सहजन Drumstick   Moringa oleifera
Sarson   Mustard seeds    
Saunf; Saunf;  Choti; Saunf;  Patli; Saunf;  Vilaiti; Chakra; Phool छोटी सौंफ़, पतली सौंफ़, सौंफ़, सौंफ, विलायती सौंफ़ Anise Sweet cumin; Aniseed
Pimpinella anisum
Shakkar Kandi; Kanna   Sweet Potato   Ipomoca batata
Shalgam   Turnip   Brassica rapa rapa
Shimla Mirch शिमला मिर्च Capsicum Bell Pepper Capsicum annum; C. chinense; C. frutescens; C. baccatum; C. pubescens
Silam  सिलाम Perilla Green Shiso; beefsteak plant perilla fructescens
Sirka   Vinegar    
Soa सोआ Dill Lao coriander; Lao cilantro Anethum graveolens
Sumaq   Sumac    
Tamaatar   Tomato   Solanum lycopersicum
Tej Patta   Indian Bay leaf   Lauris nobilis (Folia Lauri)
Tinda (Dilpasand in Hyderabad; Andhra Pradesh)   Apple Gourd Indian Round Gourd Praecitrullus fistulosus; Citrullus fistulosus
Tindora; Kundru; Bimba; Konduri   Ivy Gourd Gentlemen's Toes; Little Gourd; Baby Watermelon;  Coccinia grandis
Tulsi;  Tulasi   Basil;  Thai Sacred;  Thai Holy basil; Hot basil Ocimum sanctum
Turai; Tori   Ridge gourd   Luffa acutangula
Urad उड़द Black Lentil (whole)/White Lentil (dehusked) urad dal;  udad dal;  urd bean;  urd;  urid;  black matpe bean;  black gram;  black lentil Vigna mungo
Yai-macha   Chinese keys fingerroot Boesenbergia rotunda

 

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