Bengali Common name Alternative name(s) Botanical name
Aaloo Potato  potato Solanum tuberosum
Aam Mango  mango Mangifera indica
Ada Ginger Ginger root; Zingiber officinale
Arhar Daal Pigeon Pea  arhar daal
Cajanus cajan
Ba(n)dhakopi Cabbage  cabbage Brassica oleracea Linne capita (many cultivars)
Bashon Gram flour Chickpea flour; garbanzo flour; besan Cicer arietinum
Begun Aubergine (an abundance of cultivars) eggplant; brinjal Solanum melongena
Borboti Cluster Beans  guar bean
Cyamopsis tetragonolobus
Boro elach Black Cardamom;  Nepal cardamom; Greater Indian cardamom Amomum subulatum; Amomum costatum
Capsicum Capsicum Bell Pepper Capsicum annum; C. chinense; C. frutescens; C. baccatum; C. pubescens
Chaal Kumro Ash gourd winter melon; white gourd; wax gourd Benincasa hispida
Cheena Badam Peanut/Groundnut  peanut Arachis hypogea
Chhola/Kabli chhola Garbanzo Beans Chick Pea; Bengal Gram Cicer arietinum
Chichinga/Chichingey Snake Gourd  snake gourd
Trichosanthes cucumerina
Daal Pulses/Lentils  dried lentils
 mixture of pulses
darchini Cassia. Substitution: Cinnamon
Vietnamese cinnamon (contains a little toxic coumarin) Cinnamomum aromaticum
Dherosh Okra Bindi,  Gumbo, Ladies Finger,  Okra,
Abelmoschus esculentus
Dhoney Cilantro; Coriander Chinese parsley Coriandrum sativum
Elach, Choto elach, Ela Cardamom White Cardamom Elettaria cardamomum
Gajor Carrot  Carrot Daucus carota sativus
Gol Morich;  Black Pepper; Black peppercorn  Black Pepper
Piper nigrum
Hing Asafoetida devil's dung; stinking gum; asant; food of the gods; Kaayam Ferula assafoetida
Holud Turmeric  Turmeric Curcuma longa
Jaiphal Nutmeg & Mace. Nutmeg, Nutmeg Tree from: Myristica fragrans
Jashtimodhu Liquorice root Black Sugar, Common Licorice,  Liquorice,
Glycyrrhiza glabra
Jeerey Cumin (seed)  Cumin Cuminum cyminum
Jhingey Ridge gourd  Luffa Luffa acutangula
jowan Carom seed.  mistakenly as "bishop's weed". Trachyspermum copticum
Ka(n)thal/E(n)chor Jackfruit Jaca, Jack, Jack Fruit, Jackfruit Tree, Jak, Jak Fruit, Jak-Fruit, Langka, Nangka Artocarpus heterophyllus
Kaari Paata; Barsunga Curry Leaf Sweet Neem leaves Murraya koenigii
kaju cashew  cashew Anacardium occidentale
Kalo Jeera, Kalojire Nigella seeds Black Caraway, False Black Cumin, Black Onion Seed,
 Nigella sativa
Kalo sorse, Rai sorse, Sorsa Black Mustard seeds Brown mustard seed, Indian mustard Brassica nigra
Kanch Kolaa Plantain  plantain Musa paradisiaca
Kancha Lonka; Shukno Lonka/Laal Lonka Celery  celeriac Apium graveolens
Kochu Taro/Colocasia  Taro Colocasia esculenta
Kolaai Daal/Biulir Daal Black Lentil (whole)/White Lentil (dehusked) urad dal;  black gram Vigna mungo
Korola/Uchchhey (Smaller variety) bitter melon  bitter gourd Momordica charantia
Kumro Pumpkin  pumpkin Cucurbita pepo
Kundri Ivy Gourd Gentlemen's Toes; Little Gourd; Baby Watermelon;  Coccinia grandis
labango Cloves  cloves Syzygium aromaticum
Lau Bottle Gourd/Calabash  calabash
 Lagenaria siceraria
Lubya Black-eyed pea black-eyed bean;  ChawaLie;  Lobia Vigna unguiculata unguiculata
mete aalu/khamalu Yam (vegetable)  yam Dioscorea sp.
Methi (leaves)
Fenugreek leaves;  fresh  fenugreek leaves
Trigonella foenum-graecum
Methi (seed)
Fenugreek seed   fenugreek seeds Trigonella foenum-graecum
Moog daal Mung Bean/Green Gram  mung bean
Vigna Radiata
Mouri; Mauri Fennel seed  fennel seed
Foeniculum vulgare
Mulo Radish  radish Raphanus sativus
Mushur daal Red Lentils  red lentils
 Lens culinaris
Noté shaak Amaranth/Chinese Spinach Red spinach;  Rau Den;  Chinese spinach;  Amaranthus dubius
Olkopi Kohlrabi/German Turnip  German turnip
Brassica oleracea Gongylodes Group
Paalong Shaak Spinach  spinach Spinacia oleracea
Peyaaj Onion  onion Allium cepa
Phoolkopi Cauliflower  cauliflower Brassica oleracea
Pianj koli Chinese chive flowers  Chinese chive flowers Allium schoenoprasum L
Potol Pointed Gourd  green potato
 Trichosanthes dioica
Raajma Kidney Beans kidney bean
Phaseolus vulgaris
Ranga Aaloo/Mishti Aaloo Sweet Potato  sweet potato
Ipomoca batata
Roshun Garlic Stinking Rose; Allium sativum
Shaalgom Turnip  turnip Brassica rapa rapa
Shojne Da(n)ta Drumstick  drumstick Moringa oleifera
Shosha Cucumber  cucumber Cucumis sp.
Tometo Tomato  tomato Solanum lycopersicum

 

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